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The Windows operating system provides a group (or local) security policy setting, “System cryptography: Use FIPS compliant algorithms for encryption, hashing, and signing”, which is used by many Microsoft products to determine whether to operate in a FIPS-approved mode. #576); SP800-135 - Section 4.1.1, IKEv1 Section 4.1.2, IKEv2 Section 4.2, TLS (Cert.

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Most software products (including all Microsoft products) are tested against the Level 1 security requirements.

Within the US Federal government, the FIPS 140 standard applies to any security system (whether hardware, firmware, software, or a combination thereof) to be used by agencies for protecting sensitive but unclassified information.

The standard remained in effect until FIPS 140-2 became mandatory for new products on May 25, 2002.

FIPS 140-2 is currently the active version of the standard. #2832, key wrapping; key establishment methodology provides between 128 and 256 bits of encryption strength); AES-GCM encryption (non-compliant); DES; HMAC MD5; Legacy CAPI KDF; MD2; MD4; MD5; NDRNG; RC2; RC4; RSA (encrypt/decrypt)#2832, key wrapping; key establishment methodology provides between 128 and 256 bits of encryption strength); AES-GCM encryption (non-compliant); DES; HMAC MD5; Legacy CAPI KDF; MD2; MD4; MD5; NDRNG; RC2; RC4; RSA (encrypt/decrypt) FIPS186-4 ECDSA - Signature Generation of hash sized messages (Cert.

When a cryptographic module contains both FIPS-approved and non-FIPS approved security methods, it must have a "FIPS mode of operation" to ensure only FIPS-approved security methods may be used.

When a module is in "FIPS mode", a non-FIPS approved method cannot be used instead of a FIPS-approved method.

Some agencies have expanded its use by requiring that the modules to be procured for secret systems also meet the FIPS 140 requirements.

The FIPS 140 standard has also been used by different standards bodies, specification groups, nations, and private institutions as a requirement or guideline for those products (e.g. FIPS 140-1 is the original working version of the standard made official on January 11, 1994.

FIPS 140 is a US government and Canadian government standard that defines a minimum set of the security requirements for products that implement cryptography.

This standard is designed for cryptographic modules that are used to secure sensitive but unclassified information.

Microsoft actively maintains FIPS 140 validation for its cryptographic modules. #288); FIPS186-4 RSA; PKCS#1 v2.1 - RSASP1 Signature Primitive (Cert.

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