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He was the king of the gods; the sky god (the great protector) - controlling the weather and forces of nature, using thunderbolts to give warning to the people of Rome.

Even though there were four colleges for priests, there was no priestly class; it would always remain a public office.

This practice would even extend to the imperial palace.

From an initial array of gods and spirits, Rome added to this collection to include both Greek gods as well as a number of foreign cults.

As the empire expanded, the Romans refrained from imposing their own religious beliefs upon those they conquered; however, this inclusion must not be misinterpreted as tolerance - this can be seen with their early reaction to the Jewish and Christian population.

In many societies, ancient and modern, religion has performed a major role in their development, and the Roman Empire was no different.

From the beginning Roman religion was polytheistic.However, when looking at the religion of Rome, one must examine the impact of the most important gods.Foremost among the gods were, of course, Jupiter, the Roman equivalent of Zeus (although not as playful), and his wife/sister Juno.Due to the presence of Greek colonies on the Lower Peninsula, the Romans adopted many of the Greek gods as their own. Under this Greek influence, the Roman gods became more anthropomorphic – with the human characteristics of jealousy, love, hate, etc.However, this transformation was not to the degree that existed in Greek mythology.She was the goddess of commerce, industry, and education.

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